Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes caused by several lifestyle risk factors. People at risk of type two diabetes need to have a laboratory blood glucose test performed by a doctor to check if they have diabetes.
Asthma is a common disease of the airways – the structures through which air passes when moving from your mouth and nose right down to the smallest structures in your lungs. About one in nine to ten Australians have asthma. It is often associated with other allergic conditions like hay fever and eczema.
A cataract is a clouding of the normally clear lens of the eye. Cataracts are treated by removing the cloudy lens of the eye with surgery. Sun protection and quitting smoking may help prevent cataracts. Cataracts are common in older people.